Hello, everyone. I’m Mingwei Sun, a normal major in the English Department of Hainan Normal University. At present, I hold the position of life committee member in the class.
With the rapid development of the times, people pay more and more attention to the public transport service system. However, there are advantages and disadvantages in the public transport service system between different countries. This paper will take the bus as an example, exemplify the main advantages and disadvantages of the bus service system in China and Britain, and make a comparison, and summarize the Enlightenment of the British urban bus service system on the future development of China.
China’s bus service system has the advantages of fast and convenient. In terms of speed, according to China’s urban public transport network reported by CCTV, the distance between each station is between 600 meters and 1000 meters, and the walking time is no more than 4-6 minutes. In this way, the waiting time of passengers will be shortened, and they can choose the most suitable station to get on and off. To facilitate this aspect, China’s buses generally have the function of WeChat payment or Alipay payment. Before boarding, just open the relevant page, click the corresponding ticket price, when boarding, put it in front of the scanner for scanning to complete the payment, greatly improving the efficiency. According to statistics, Wechat payment function can be used in more than 200 cities, and more than 5000 buses can be swiped by Wechat, which is very convenient). However, China’s bus service system also has shortcomings. The high rate of theft and the delay caused by frequent traffic jams are the most problems for the public. According to Wang Yan, a reporter from Xinhua news agency, the deputy director of Kunming Public Transport Bureau said that nowadays, bus theft has been upgraded to gang crime. There may be as many as 15 suspects on a bus. Their cooperation is very tacit, and their division of work is clear and well-organized, which has become an industry chain. Therefore, we have set up a special group to take charge of all kinds of cases of bus theft and crack down on crimes Molecule (Xianfu Li, 2017) . In terms of traffic jams, according to China daily.com, China ranks fourth out of the Top Ten Asian Cities in terms of congestion, ranking fifth, seventh, eighth and tenth respectively. Because of the traffic jam, the bus often can’t arrive at the station on time, which greatly increases the waiting time of the people and the time of getting off the bus, which will bring us the distress of being late for work or not catching up with the bus.
The bus service system in the UK is also fast and convenient. For the fast, the UK attaches great importance to the application of bus lanes and has installed intensive video monitoring facilities to monitor and record the illegal use of bus lanes in real time. So buses are rarely late, because the roads are basically in the usual state. For the convenient, according to the data displayed on the government’s official website, they have multi-operator ticketing. There are daily, weekly, monthly, season, round-trip ticket and so on. There are different discounts for different fares. People can choose the best suitable ticket for them. Admittedly, the bus service system in the UK also has shortcomings. The first is easy to miss the station. As we all know, British buses do not report stops. You need to ring the exit bell in advance to tell the driver that you want to get off, so that the driver can stop you. If you’re distracted in the car or obsessed with reading and playing with your cell phone, you’ll have to miss the station. The second disadvantage is easy to fall. British buses are not very stable because of their high body. Claire Mann, director of business operations, said that almost every year 3000 injuries, large and small, are caused by bus falls. For the bus service system, the safety of passengers is our first consideration. So in the bus, if there is no seat, it is necessary to stand firmly and hold it well.
Generally speaking, I think the bus service system in the UK is better and more perfect. Because compared with the advantages, both countries are convenient and fast to varying degrees. Compared with the disadvantages, the problems in China are more difficult, because theft and traffic jams are not something that can be solved overnight. Only with the good cooperation of the government and the masses and the corresponding policy support can the problems be solved. The shortcomings of Britain are relatively easy to solve. As long as a station reporting device or anti-skid device is added, the problem can be greatly improved. British cities attach great importance to the service supervision and evaluation of urban public transport enterprises. According to the new quality incentive contract law, all public transport enterprises with poor quality, continuous accidents and large amount of social complaints will be severely punished by economic sanctions, or even the business license will be revoked, while enterprises with good service, safety and reliability will receive economic rewards and other preferential policies from the government. So I think the public transport service system in the UK is better than that in China.
British urban transport development experience shows that in order to alleviate urban traffic congestion and realize sustainable development of urban transport, China must vigorously develop public transport and strive to improve the service level of public transport. The first is to improve the public transport operation management system. Improve the government’s supervision of public transport service providers, promote the improvement of public transport service quality, and improve the efficiency of the use of government subsidies. Secondly, we need to make urban public transport ticket price scientifically and adjust the demand of different passenger flow. The third is to strengthen the supervision mechanism of the track, which is that the public transport lines are no longer occupied by private cars. Fourth, we should use economic means to regulate traffic demand and relieve the pressure of urban traffic congestion. Use relevant policies to promote the priority development of public transport and alleviate urban traffic congestion.
By comparing and analysing the advantages and disadvantages of the two countries’ public transport service systems, this paper concludes that Britain is more perfect than China in this respect. Learning from the successful experience of developed countries is very necessary to improve the development policy of urban public transport in China. This paper puts forward some targeted measures and suggestions for the development of urban public transport in China, including improving the management system of public transport operation, different fare mechanism, using economic means to adjust the development of transport demand, etc., hoping to contribute to the development of public transport in China.
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